git代理设置(Configure Git to use a proxy)

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本文最后更新于 2022-05-10,文中内容可能已过时。
  • 通过命令行设置

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    # 以clash代理工具为例
    
    # 全局设置代理
    git config --global http.proxy http://127.0.0.1:7890
    
    # 格式:git config --global http.proxy http://proxyUsername:proxyPassword@proxy.server.com:port
    
    # 为特定网站设置代理(例如:github)
    git config --global http.https://github.com.proxy http://127.0.0.1:7890
    
    # 列出当前以http开头的配置
    
    # 获取全局配置
    git config --global --get-regexp http.*
    # 获取当前仓库配置
    git config --get-regexp http.*
    
    # 取消git代理
    # 全局
    git config --global --unset http.proxy
    # 特定网站(例如:github)
    git config --global --unset http.https://github.com.proxy
    

  • 通过修改配置信息设置

    有空在写…..

参考文章如下,原文地址:gist.github.com

In Brief

You may need to configure a proxy server if you’re having trouble cloning or fetching from a remote repository or getting an error like unable to access '...' Couldn't resolve host '...'.

Consider something like:

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git config --global http.proxy http://proxyUsername:proxyPassword@proxy.server.com:port

Or for a specific domain, something like:

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git config --global http.https://domain.com.proxy http://proxyUsername:proxyPassword@proxy.server.com:port
git config --global http.https://domain.com.sslVerify false

Setting http.<url>.sslVerify to false may help you quickly get going if your workplace employs man-in-the-middle HTTPS proxying. Longer term, you could get the root CA that they are applying to the certificate chain and specify it with either http.sslCAInfo or http.sslCAPath.

See also the git-config documentation, especially the following sections if you’re having HTTPS/SSL issues

  • http.sslVerify
  • http.sslCAInfo
  • http.sslCAPath
  • http.sslCert
  • http.sslKey
  • http.sslCertPasswordProtected

In Detail

Configure the proxy

You can configure these globally in your user ~/.gitconfig file using the --global switch, or local to a repository in its .git/config file.

Setting a global proxy

Configure a global proxy if all access to all repos require this proxy

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git config --global http.proxy http://proxyUsername:proxyPassword@proxy.server.com:port

URL specific proxy

If you wish to specify that a proxy should be used for just some URLs that specify the URL as a git config subsection using http.<url>.key notation:

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git config --global http.https://domain.com.proxy http://proxyUsername:proxyPassword@proxy.server.com:port

Which will result in the following in the ~/.gitconfig file:

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[http]
[http "https://domain.com"]
	proxy = http://proxyUsername:proxyPassword@proxy.server.com:port

Handle subsequent SSL protocol errors

If you’re still having trouble cloning or fetching and are now getting an unable to access 'https://...': Unknown SSL protocol error in connection to ...:443 then you may decide to switch off SSL verification for the single operation by using the -c http.sslVerify=false option

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git -c http.sslVerify=false clone https://domain.com/path/to/git

Once cloned, you may decide set this for just this cloned repository’s .git/config by doing. Notice the absence of the --global

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git config http.sslVerify false

If you choose to make it global then limit it to a URL using the http.<url>.sslVerify notation:

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git config --global http.https://domain.com.sslVerify false

Which will result in the following in the ~/.gitconfig file:

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[http]
[http "https://domain.com"]
	proxy = http://proxyUsername:proxyPassword@proxy.server.com:port
	sslVerify = false

Show current configuration

To show the current configuration of all http sections

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git config --global --get-regexp http.*

If you are in a locally cloned repository folder then you drop the --global and see all current config:

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git config --get-regexp http.*

Unset a proxy or SSL verification

Use the --unset flag to remove configuration being specific about the property – for example whether it was http.proxy or http.<url>.proxy. Consider using any of the following:

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git config --global --unset http.proxy
git config --global --unset http.https://domain.com.proxy

git config --global --unset http.sslVerify
git config --global --unset http.https://domain.com.sslVerify
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